Pehea e hoʻopaʻa ai iā WordPress i 10 mau ʻanuʻu maʻalahi

Pehea e hoʻopaʻa ai i kāu pūnaewele WordPress

ʻIke paha ʻoe e hoʻāʻo ʻia ma kahi o 90,000 hacks i kēlā me kēia minuke ma nā pūnaewele WordPress a puni ka honua? ʻĀ, inā iā ʻoe kahi pūnaewele mana WordPress, hopohopo kēlā stat iā ʻoe. He mea ʻole inā ʻoe e holo nei i kahi ʻoihana liʻiliʻi. ʻAʻole hoʻokae ka poʻe hackers i ka nui a me ka nui o nā pūnaewele. Ke ʻimi wale nei lākou i kekahi nāwaliwali i hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i ko lākou pono.

Mahalo paha ʻoe - no ke aha i hoʻokumu ai nā mea hackers i nā pūnaewele WordPress ma mua? He aha ka mea e loaʻa ai iā lākou ma ka hoʻouluhi ʻana i nā hana kolohe? 

E ʻike kāua.

No ke aha e mākaʻi ai nā hackers i nā pūnaewele WordPress?

E kau ma WordPress a i ʻole nā ​​anuu ʻē aʻe; ʻaʻohe pūnaewele i palekana mai nā poʻe hackers. ʻO ka mea nui loa anuu CMS kaulana, Pūnaewele ʻo WordPress nā punahele punahele. Eia kā lākou hana:

  • ʻIke hou nāwaliwali palekana, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele liʻiliʻi. I ka manawa e aʻo ai ka mea hacker e pili ana i nā nāwaliwali a nāwaliwali paha, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻohana i kā lākou ʻike e hoʻokau i nā pūnaewele nui a hoʻonui i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia.
  • Kuhikuhi hou i kāu kalepa hele mai i nā pūnaewele i noi ʻole ʻia. He kumu maʻamau kēia no ke kau ʻana i nā pūnaewele ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, a ʻo ka hopena e hiki i kahi pūnaewele maoli ke lilo i nā mea hoʻohana āpau i kahi pūnaewele kānalua ʻē aʻe.
  • Loaʻa kālā a i ʻole hana i nā loaʻa kālā mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā huahana kontraband ma nā pūnaewele maoli a i ʻole ma o nā ʻano polokalamu malware e like me ransomware a i ʻole mining crypto.
  • Loaʻa i ke kiʻi i ka naʻauao a i ʻole ʻike huna e like me ka ʻikepili mea kūʻai aku, ʻikepili ʻoihana pilikino, a i ʻole nā ​​moʻolelo kālā o ka hui. Hiki i nā hackers ke hele aku e kūʻai aku i kēia ʻikepili i ʻaihue ʻia no ke kālā a i ʻole hoʻohana iā lākou no nā pono hoʻokūkū kūpono ʻole.

I kēia manawa ua ʻike mākou pehea e pōmaikaʻi ai nā hackers mai kahi hack a kūleʻa kūleʻa paha, e hoʻomau i ke kūkākūkā ʻana i nā hana he ʻumi i hoʻāʻo ʻia. ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i kahi pūnaewele WordPress.

10 Nā ʻano hana i hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻia no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i kāu pūnaewele

Laki no WordPress, aia nā ʻano hana like ʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana e hoʻokiʻekiʻe i ka palekana pūnaewele. ʻO ka ʻāpana ʻoi loa e pili ana i kēia ʻano hana he paʻakikī ʻole ka hapanui o lākou a hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia e kekahi mea hoʻohana WordPress novice. No laila, e hoʻomaka kākou. 

Ka Papa Hana 1: Hoʻohou i kāu Kora WordPress a me nā Plugins a me nā Tema

ʻO nā mana WordPress i hala ʻole ʻia, a me nā plugina kahiko a me nā kumumanaʻo i waena o nā kumu maʻamau no ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o nā pūnaewele WordPress. Hoʻohana pinepine nā Hackers i nā pilikia pili i ka palekana i ka WordPress i hala a me nā mana plugin / theme e holo nei ma ka hapa nui o nā pūnaewele WordPress.

ʻO kāu kiaʻi maikaʻi loa e kūʻē i kēia hoʻoweliweli e hoʻomaikaʻi pinepine i kāu mana Core WordPress me ka hōʻano hou ʻana i nā mana hou loa o nā plugins / kumuhana i hoʻonoho ʻia. E hana i kēia, e ʻae paha i ka hana "Auto Update" i kāu moʻokāki ʻo WordPress a i ʻole lawe i nā waihona o kāu plugins / kumuhana āpau i kēia manawa.

KaʻAnuʻu 2: E hoʻohana i ka pale ʻana Firewall 

Hoʻonohonoho pinepine nā mea hackers i nā bots automate a i ʻole nā ​​noi IP e kiʻi i nā pūnaewele WordPress. Inā kūleʻa lākou ma o kēia hana, hiki i nā hackers ke hōʻeha i ka nui o nā pohō ma nā pūnaewele. Kūkulu ʻia nā pale uila pūnaewele e ʻike i nā noi IP mai nā helu IP kānalua a ālai i nā noi ma mua o ka hiki ʻana i ka pūnaewele pūnaewele.

kikowaena
Pahuahi. Manaʻo palekana ʻikepili. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka manaʻo ʻenehana ma ke keʻokeʻo

 Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻokomo i ka pale pale ahi no kāu pūnaewele ma ke koho ʻana no:

  • ʻO nā hale ahi i kūkulu ʻia - mai kāu hui pūnaewele punaewele
  • ʻO nā pale uila kū kapua - mālama ʻia ma nā anuu kūwaho
  • ʻO nā firewall-based firewall - hiki ke hoʻouka ʻia ma kāu pūnaewele WordPress

KaʻAnuʻu Hana 3: Scan and Wehe i Kekahi Malware

Piʻi mau nā mea hackers me nā ʻano polokalamu malware hou e hoʻopili i kahi pūnaewele. ʻOiai hiki i kekahi mau polokalamu hoʻopilikia ke hana i nā pōʻino nui a kīnā ʻole loa i kāu pūnaewele, ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o kekahi a paʻakikī e ʻike a hiki i nā lā a i ʻole nā ​​pule. 

ʻO ka pale maikaʻi loa e pale aku i nā polokalamu hoʻopilikia e nānā pinepine i kāu pūnaewele piha no nā maʻi āpau. ʻO nā plugins palekana WordPress kiʻekiʻe e like me MalCare a me WordFence maikaʻi no ka ʻike mua a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe o nā polokalamu hoʻopilikia. Maʻalahi ke hoʻokomo a hoʻokō i kēia mau plugina palekana no nā mea hoʻohana ʻenehana ʻole.

polokalamu

Pani 4: E hoʻohana i kahi Pūnaewele Pūnaewele palekana a hilinaʻi hoʻi 

Ma waho aʻe o nā mana o WordPress i hala ʻole a me nā plugins / kumuhana, he ʻōlelo nui ka hoʻonohonoho pūnaewele i kāu palekana pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, hoʻokumu pinepine nā mea hackers i nā pūnaewele ma ka papahana hoʻokipa e kaʻana like i ka mea lawelawe ma waena o nā pūnaewele he nui. ʻOiai maikaʻi ke kūʻai aku kaʻana like ʻana, hiki i nā hackers ke hoʻopili pono i kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokipa ʻia a laila hoʻolaha i ka maʻi i nā pūnaewele ʻē aʻe.

Aia ma ka ʻaoʻao palekana, koho i kahi hoʻolālā hoʻokipa pūnaewele me nā hiʻohiʻona palekana i hoʻohui ʻia. Hōʻalo i nā pūʻali like a, ma kahi o, e hele no ka hoʻokumu ʻana ma VPS a hoʻokele paha iā WordPress.

KaʻAnuʻu Hana 5: E lawe i kahi papaʻa piha o kāu pūnaewele WordPress

Hiki i nā kākoʻo pūnaewele pūnaewele ke lilo i mea ola inā hele kekahi mea me kāu pūnaewele. Mālama ʻo WordPress backups i kope o kāu pūnaewele a me kāu faila waihona ma kahi palekana. I ka hanana o ka hack kūleʻa, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻihoʻi maʻalahi i nā faila hoʻihoʻi i kāu pūnaewele a hana maʻamau i kāna mau hana.

Hiki ke hana ʻia nā waihona kope WordPress ma nā ʻano like ʻole, akā ʻo ke kiʻina ʻoi loa no nā mea hoʻohana ʻenehana ʻole ma o nā plugina e like me BlogVault aiʻole BackupBuddy. Maʻalahi e hoʻouka a hoʻohana, hiki i kēia mau plugins hoʻoliʻiliʻi ke hana automate i nā hana e pili ana i nā kākoʻo i hiki ai iā ʻoe ke hoʻomau i ka nānā i kāu hana i kēlā me kēia lā.

Ka Papa 6: pale i kāu ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao WordPress

Ma waena o nā ʻaoʻao pūnaewele maʻamau e hoʻolālā ʻia e nā hackers, hiki i kāu ʻaoʻao ʻeʻe WordPress ke hāʻawi maʻalahi i ke komo ʻana i kāu moʻokāki pilikino. Ke hoʻohana nei i nā hoʻouka ikaika, hoʻoneʻe nā mea hackers i nā bots automate e hoʻāʻo pinepine e kiʻi i kāu moʻokāki "admin" WordPress ma o ka ʻaoʻao ʻeʻe.

Nui a hewahewa nā ʻano hana o ka pale ʻana i kāu ʻaoʻao ʻeʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, hiki iā ʻoe ke hūnā a hoʻololi paha i kāu ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao login URL, ʻo ia ka www.mysite.com/wp-admin maʻamau. 

ʻO nā plugina ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao WordPress e like me "Theme My Login" hiki iā ʻoe ke hūnā (a hoʻololi paha) i kāu ʻaoʻao ʻeʻe maʻalahi.

KaʻAnuʻu 7: Wehe i nā plugina i hoʻohana ʻole ʻia a i ʻole hana ʻole

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, hiki i nā plugins / kumuhana ke hāʻawi i kahi ʻīpuka maʻalahi no nā mea hackers e hana i ka pōʻino me kāu pūnaewele WordPress. Heʻoiaʻiʻo like kēia no nā plugina a me nā poʻomanaʻo i hoʻohana ʻole ʻia. Inā ua hoʻonohonoho ʻoe i kahi helu nui o kēia mau mea ma kāu pūnaewele a hoʻohana hou ʻole iā lākou, pono e hemo iā lākou a hoʻololi iā lākou me nā plugins / kumuhana hou aʻe.

Pehea ʻoe e hana ai i kēia? ʻEʻe i kāu moʻokāki WordPress ma ke ʻano he Keʻena Luna mea hoʻohana a nānā i ka papa inoa o nā plugins / kumumanaʻo i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i kēia manawa. Holoi i nā plugina / kumuhana āpau i hana ʻole.

KaʻAnuʻu 8: E hoʻohana i nā ʻōlelo huna ikaika

ʻAʻole paha maopopo kēia? Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa iā mākou nā ʻōlelo huna nāwaliwali e like hua huna a 123456 ke hoʻohana ʻia nei. Hoʻohana pinepine nā hackers i nā ʻōlelo huna nāwaliwali e hoʻokō i kahi hōʻeha kūleʻa kūleʻa.

kupu ikaika

No kāu mea hoʻohana WordPress a pau, e hoʻokō i kekahi mau kulekele. E hoʻohana i nā ʻōlelo huna ma ka liʻiliʻi he 8 mau huapalapala, me ka hui pū ʻana o nā hua nui a me nā puke liʻiliʻi, nā alphanumerics, a me nā huapalapala kūikawā. ʻO kahi ana palekana hou aʻe e hoʻololi i kāu mau ʻōlelo huna ʻo WordPress ma ka liʻiliʻi i hoʻokahi manawa i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina.

KaʻAnuʻu 9: E kiʻi i kahi palapala SSL no kāu pūnaewele

Pōkole no ka Secure Socket Layer, pono pono ka hōʻoia SSL no kēlā me kēia pūnaewele, me nā pūnaewele WordPress. No ke aha i manaʻo ʻia ai ʻoi aku ka palekana? Kope kēlā me kēia pūnaewele SSL-i hōʻoia i ka ʻike e hāʻawi ʻia ma waena o ka pūnaewele pūnaewele a me ka polokalamu kele pūnaewele o ka mea hoʻohana. Mālama kēia i nā mea hackers e keʻakeʻa a ʻaihue i kēia ʻike huna. He aha hou aʻe? Hāʻawi ʻia kēia mau pūnaewele e Google a loaʻa a kiʻekiʻe Google kūlana kiʻekiʻe.

paʻa https ssl
Pale ʻia ka helu wahi pūnaewele ma ka pale lcd.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa kahi palapala SSL mai kāu mea hoʻolako pūnaewele e hoʻokipa nei i kāu pūnaewele. ʻOi, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻouka i nā pono hana e like me Let's Encrypt ma kāu pūnaewele no ka palapala SSL.

ʻAnuʻu 10: E hoʻohana i ka paakiki WordPress Pūnaewele 

ʻO ke ana hope loa ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā hana e hoʻopaʻapū ai i ka pūnaewele i kuhikuhi ʻia e WordPress. Paakiki ʻo WordPress pūnaewele paʻakikī nā ʻanuʻu he nui i komo pū me:

  • Ke hoʻopau nei i ka hiʻohiʻona hoʻoponopono faila e pale ai i ke komo ʻana o nā code kolohe i kāu faila WordPress nui
  • Ke hoʻopau nei i ka hoʻokō faila PHP e pale ai i nā mea hackers mai ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā faila PHP i loaʻa nā code kolohe
  • Hūnā i ka mana WordPress e pale ai i nā mea hackers mai ka ʻike ʻana i kāu mana WordPress a me ka ʻimi ʻana i nāwaliwali
  • Hūnā i ka faila wp-config.php a me .htaccess i hoʻohana mau ʻia e nā mea hackers e hōʻino ai i kāu pūnaewele WordPress

Ke Hopena

ʻAʻohe pūnaewele WordPress, nui a liʻiliʻi paha, palekana palekana mai nā hackers a me nā polokalamu hoʻopilikia. Eia nō naʻe, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaikaʻi i kāu helu palekana ma ka hāhai ʻana i kēlā me kēia ana i ʻumi i hōʻike ʻia i kēia ʻatikala. Maʻalahi kēia mau kaʻina e hana a ʻaʻole koi i kahi ʻike ʻenehana holomua.

I mea e maʻalahi ai, hoʻohui ka hapa nui o nā plugins palekana i kēia mau hiʻohiʻona, e like me ka pale ʻana o ka pale ahi, ka nānā ʻana i hoʻonohonoho ʻia, ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i nā polokalamu hoʻopilikia, a me ka paʻakikī o ka pūnaewele i kā lākou huahana. Paipai nui mākou e hana i ka palekana pūnaewele i ʻāpana hoʻohui o kāu papa inoa mālama pūnaewele

E haʻi iā mākou i kou manaʻo no kēia papa inoa. Ua hala paha mākou i kekahi hana palekana koʻikoʻi e pono ai? E haʻi iā mākou i kāu mau manaʻo.

Pehea kou manaʻo?

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia pūnaewele i ka Akismet e ho'ēmi i ka spam. E aʻo pehea e hanaʻia ai kāuʻikeʻikepili.