He aha nā mākeke e pono ai e ʻike e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka waiwai ʻike

ke kūʻai aku ʻana i ka ʻike loea i ke kānāwai

E like me ke kālepa ʻana - a me nā hana ʻoihana ʻē aʻe āpau - ua lilo i mea hilinaʻi nui loa i ka ʻenehana, ka pale ʻana i ka waiwai o ka ʻike i lilo i poʻokela kiʻekiʻe no nā ʻoihana kūleʻa. ʻO ia ke kumu e maopopo ai i kēlā me kēia pūʻulu kālepa ke kumu o kānāwai waiwai ʻikepili.

He aha ka waiwai ʻike naʻauao?

Hāʻawi ka ʻōnaehana loea ʻAmelika i kekahi mau pono a me nā pale no nā mea nona ka waiwai. ʻOi aku kēia mau pono a me nā pale ma ʻō aku o kā mākou palena ma o nā ʻaelike kalepa. Hiki ke lilo ka waiwai ʻike i kekahi huahana o ka noʻonoʻo i pale ʻia ke kānāwai mai ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻia e ka poʻe ʻē aʻe i ke kālepa.

ʻO ka waiwai ʻike - e like me nā mea i haku ʻia, nā ʻano ʻoihana, nā hana, nā hana, nā inoa ʻoihana a me nā hōʻailona - hiki i waena o nā waiwai waiwai o kāu ʻoihana. Ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻona pono ʻoe e hoʻomaopopo i ka pale ʻana i kāu waiwai ʻona he mea nui ia e like me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i kekahi waiwai ʻē aʻe i kāu pale kaulike. Pono ʻoe e hoʻomaopopo i nā kuleana a me nā kuleana e pili ana i ka optimizing a monetizing i kāu ʻike ʻona.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ke kānāwai IP e pale aku ai i kāu waiwai ʻike

ʻEhā ʻano kumu o ka waiwai ʻike: nā patent, nā inoa inoa, nā kuleana kope, a me nā mea huna kālepa.

  1. Sila Nui

Inā ua hoʻomohala ʻoe i kahi ʻenehana ponoʻī, hāʻawi ka pale patent pekelala i kāu ʻoihana i ke kuleana kūʻokoʻa e hana, hoʻohana, kūʻai aku ai lawe mai i ka mea hou a i ʻike ʻia no kahi manawa palena. Inā lōʻihi kāu ʻenehana he mea hou, pono a nonobvious, hiki iā ʻoe ke hāʻawi ʻia i nā kuleana kū hoʻokahi i kāna hoʻohana e hoʻomau no ka lōʻihi o ka patent.

ʻO ka waiho ʻana i kahi palapala hoʻohemo i hiki ke lilo i hana paʻakikī a lōʻihi. Ke hana nei ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ma lalo o kahi faila mua, ʻaʻole kahi mua e hana i kahi ʻōnaehana, ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea i loaʻa me ka lā hoʻopiʻi mua e loaʻa nā kuleana i ka patent. Kuhi kēia i ka manawa o kāu faila ʻana. No ka mālama ʻana i kahi lā faila ma mua, ua koho nā ʻoihana he nui e faila mua no kahi palapala hoʻohanohano ma mua pono. Hāʻawi kēia iā lākou i hoʻokahi makahiki e hoʻopau i kahi noi patent pili ʻole.

He mea nui ia e ʻike he palapala hoʻoili i hāʻawi ʻia e ka United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) e pili wale ana ma United States. Inā hoʻokūkū kāu ʻoihana i nā ʻāina ʻē a pono ka pale ʻana i ka patent i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe, pono ʻoe e noi ma nā wahi āpau āu e makemake ai i ka pale. ʻOi aku ka maʻalahi o ke Kuʻikahi Hana Palapala Hoʻohui me nā kaʻina hana e faila i kahi noi palapala Sila Nui i ka manawa like ma 148 mau lālā lālā.

  1. Nāʻoihana trademarks

E like me ka ʻike ʻana o nā ʻoihana kūʻai aku, he ala nui nā trademark e pale aku i nā mana o ka hui. Pale aku nā kālepa i nā māka kikoʻī, e like me ka lōkō a inoa inoa paha, e hoʻokaʻawale i kou mana mai nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

ʻO ka hoʻohana maʻalahi ʻana i ka trademark i ke kālepa hiki ke alakaʻi i ka pale kānāwai maʻamau. Eia nō naʻe, ke kau inoa ʻana i kāu mau māka me ka USPTO ʻaʻole wale e hōʻoia i ka pale piha ʻana iā ʻoe, akā e hoʻonui pū ana i ka hoʻonohonoho o nā lāʻau i loaʻa iā ʻoe inā e hōʻeha kekahi i kāu inoa inoa. Hāʻawi ke kau inoa i nā pono nui no nā ʻoihana, e like me ka hoʻolaha kūpono i ka lehulehu, ke kuleana kū hoʻokahi e hoʻohana i ka māka e pili ana i nā papa o nā huahana a i ʻole nā ​​lawelawe i helu ʻia i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻana, a me kahi kumu pekelala o ka hana no nā hana hewa.

  1. Kuleana kope

ʻO ke kūʻai aku ʻana i kahi mana e pili maoli i ka hana ʻana i nā hana kumu, inā ma ke ʻano o nā kiʻi hoʻolaha, kope hoʻoponopono a i ʻole kekahi mea e like me he mea maʻalahi e like me ka leka uila. Hiki ke pale ʻia kēia ʻano hana e nā kuleana kope. ʻO ke kuleana kope kekahi ʻano o ka pale i hāʻawi ʻia ma lalo o ke kānāwai kope kope Pekelala no "nā hana kumu a ka mea kākau" i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi ʻano kikoʻī o ka manaʻo. Hiki i kēia ke hoʻopili i nā hana ʻona i paʻi ʻia a hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e like me nā mele, nā puke, nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, a me nā mele, a me ke kope hoʻolaha, nā kiʻi kiʻi, nā hoʻolālā, nā polokalamu kamepiula, a me ka hoʻolālā hale.

Hiki i ka mea nona ke kuleana kope ke pale aku i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana, ka hana ʻana, ka hoʻololi ʻana, a i ʻole hana kope ʻana i kahi hana me ka ʻole o ka ʻae ʻia. He mea nui naʻe e hoʻomaopopo, mālama wale nā ​​kope kope i ke ʻano o ka hōʻike, ʻaʻole ka mea i ʻike ʻia, nā manaʻo, a me nā ʻano hana.

ʻO ka mea maʻamau, hoʻopili kope kope kope ʻia i ka mea hana i kahi hana hou i ka manawa o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana, akā hiki iā ʻoe ke koho e hoʻopaʻa inoa maʻamau iā lākou me ka United States Copyright Office. Hāʻawi ke kau inoa ʻana i nā mea nui nui, e like me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka moolelo o ka pono kope, kekahi mau manaʻo o ka pono, a me ke kuleana e lawe i kahi hoʻopiʻi no ka hana hewa a hōʻiliʻili i nā uku pohō a me nā uku loio. ʻO ke kau inoa ʻana me ka US Customs e ʻae iā ʻoe e pale i ka lawe ʻia mai o nā kope kolohe i kāu hana.

  1. Kalepa kālepa

ʻO kekahi mahele ʻona o ka ʻike naʻau i mea nui e pale aku ai i nā ʻike huna a kāu ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻia kahi "mea huna kālepa" ma ke ʻano he pilikino, ʻike pilikino e hoʻolako i kāu ʻoihana me kahi pono hoʻokūkū. Hiki i kēia ke hoʻopili i kekahi mea mai nā papa inoa mea kūʻai aku i nā ʻenehana hana i nā kaʻina hana no ka anamanaʻo. Hoʻomalu nui ʻia nā mea huna e ke kānāwai mokuʻāina, i hoʻohālikelike ʻia ma hope o ke Kānāwai Secrets Trade Secrets. Manaʻo ke Kānāwai i kāu ʻike ponoʻī i kahi huna huna ke:

  • ʻO ka ʻike he haʻilula, kumu, hōʻuluʻulu, papahana, hāmeʻa, ʻano hana, ʻano hana, hana a i ʻole nā ​​mea hana pale ʻē aʻe.
  • Hāʻawi kāna hūnā i ka ʻoihana me ka waiwai waiwai a hiki paha i ka waiwai e ka ʻike ʻole ʻia a ʻike ʻole ʻia paha. a
  • Lawe ka ʻoihana i nā hana kūpono e mālama i kāna hūnā.

Pale pale ʻole ʻia nā mea huna kālepa a hiki i ka hōʻike ʻana o ka lehulehu i ka mea huna. No laila pono nā ʻoihana āpau e hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻole ʻana. ʻO ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā ʻaelike hōʻike ʻole (NDA) me nā limahana a me nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu ke ʻano loea e like me ke kānāwai o ka pale ʻana i kāu mea huna kālepa. Ua ho'ākāka kēia mau ʻaelike i nā kuleana a me nā kuleana e pili ana i ka ʻike hūnā, a hāʻawi iā ʻoe i ka leverage inā he kuhi hewa ʻole o kāu mea huna kālepa.

Hana hewa ʻia i ka wā e loaʻa ai ka mea huna kālepa ma o nā hana kūpono ʻole a i ʻole ma o ka uhaʻi o ka hilinaʻi, a hiki ke hana ʻia i ka ʻaha. Pehea ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana o kāu ʻoihana iā NDA i kumu e hoʻohana ai ka ʻaha e ʻike inā ʻoe i lawe i nā "hana kūpono e mālama i ka hūnā," no laila he mea nui ia e hōʻoia i ka hoʻohana ʻana o kāu ʻoihana NDA no ka pono o kāu pale IP. .

ʻO kahi loio IP i ʻike ʻia kou laina pale mua

I ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū o kēia lā, he mea nui ia i kāu ʻoihana e hoʻomaopopo piha i kāna waiwai waiwai ʻona a pale pono iā lākou. Hiki i kahi loio waiwai ʻona ke kōkua i kāu ʻoihana e hoʻonui i kāu pono hoʻokūkū ma o kahi hoʻolālā pale IP ākea.

ʻO kāu loio IP kāu laina pale mua e kūʻē i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei a hōʻino paha i kāu IP. Inā he pakanā ʻoe me kahi loio i waho e kūpono, e like me ma o ka Pūnaewele Priori, a i ʻole hoʻolimalima i ka loio i ka manawa piha o ka hale, he mākaukau maikaʻi loa kahi loio IP e mālama i kāu IP i ka hoʻokūkū kūpono e pono ai.

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